British Airways fly
three times a week direct from London to Dar es Salaam with a
total flying time of 9 hours 40 minutes.
Other carriers operate to Tanzania via Europe KLM Royal Dutch
Airlines (from Amsterdam) to Dar es Salaam and Kilimanjaro; Swiss
(from Zurich) to Dar es Salaam. Gulf Air serves Dar es Salaam and
Zanzibar via Muscat or Abu Dhabi.
Tanzania can also be reached via African gateways served by Air
Zimbabwe, Egypt Air, Ethiopian Airlines, Kenya Airways and South
serve Dar es Salaam, eight miles from the city centre and
Kilimanjaro, 31 miles from Arusha. Zanzibar airport is 5 miles
from Stone Town.
Most visitors require
visas with the exception of citizens of certain countries of the
Commonwealth. It is advisable to obtain them in advance from
Embassies and High Commissions as several airlines insist of them
prior to departure. They can also be obtained on arrival at
international airports and at the Namanga Gate on the Tanzania /
Requirements may change, so you are advised to contact the
appropriate diplomatic or consular authority before finalising
countries infected with cholera and yellow fever must produce
international certificates of vaccination. This is particularly
relevant for those travelling from other African countries.
The UK Department of Health recommends vaccinations against
hepatitis A, polio and typhoid. It is essential for visitors to
take a course of malaria prophylaxis.
Modern medical services are available in Dar es Salaam and other
major centres. There are only a limited number of chemists in the
country, so visitors are advised to bring their own medicines with
Coastal areas are hot
and humid with an average daytime temperature of 30șC. Sea
breezes make the climate very pleasant from June to September. The
central plateau experiences hot days and cool nights. The hilly
country between the coast and the northern highlands has a
pleasant climate from January to September, with temperatures
averaging around 20șC. Temperatures vary around Kilimanjaro
according to the season, registering a low 15șC during May -
August rising to 22șC during December - March.
For the whole country, the hottest months are from October to
February. The main, long rainy season is from mid-March to May.
WHAT TO TAKE
Don't forget the
camera, camcorder and binoculars, and take a torch for finding
your way around the camp at night. Stock up with replacement
batteries for all these goods. The main electricity supply is
220V, 50Hz. Plugs are usually the 13-amp 3-pin square (British)
Take sun-glasses, hat, sun lotion, lip balm and some insect
repellent. It is better not to get stung, even if you are taking
A spare pair of glasses or contact lenses is also a good idea.
Take plenty of film, it can be difficult to obtain outside the
While traveller's cheques can be exchanged in cities and towns,
banking facilities in remote areas are restricted, so cash is
Some safaris / air
charters limit baggage to a 10 - 15 kg maximum.
English is widely
spoken but a few words of Kiswahili are always appreciated.
The unit of currency
is the Tanzanian Shilling (TShs), which is divided into 100 cents.
Visitors can take any amount of foreign currency, no currency
declaration is required, but import and export of Tanzanian
currency is illegal.
Most major currencies, particularly US Dollars, and traveller's
cheques are accepted and are convertible at banks and bureaux de
change in the main towns and tourist areas. Credit cards, mainly
visa and mastercard, are generally only accepted in larger
Distances in Tanzania
are vast, and travel by road can be tiring. It is wise to spend
more time in fewer parks. You will see more and won't return home
exhausted. Keep your distance from animals and be quiet to avoid
distressing them. Always follow the instructions of your ranger or
guide. Don't leave your vehicle in the parks except in designated
places. Keep to recognised tracks to avoid damaging vegetation.
WHAT TO WEAR
It never gets really
cold in Tanzania, so lightweight clothing is the norm. On safari,
avoid brightly coloured clothes, they may alarm the animals.
Browns, beiges and khaki are preferred. Short-sleeve shirts /
blouses and shorts are ideal, but pack a sweater as it can be a
bit chilly in the early morning and in the evening. Wear a hat to
avoid sun-stroke and don't forget a swimsuit. Shoes should be
sensible, and for climbing Kilimanjaro or Mount Meru, take thermal
underwear, a rain jacket, good socks and sturdy boots. Shorts for
women are acceptable - but not too short. Women should carry a
wrap to cover their legs in towns or villages as revealing clothes
can cause offence, especially in Zanzibar and other Muslim areas.
On the beach, and within the confines of beach hotels, normal
swimwear is acceptable, but nudity certainly is not.
obligatory, but a tip for exceptional service - a maximum of 10% -
will be appreciated. Tip US$15 per day for drivers or tour guides
but remember that an excessive tip can make it difficult for the
airport tax of US$30 is levied, which may be included in the price
of an air ticket. Airport tax for domestic flights is 5,000 TShs
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